Dee Bradley Baker's "All to Know About Going Pro in V.O."

Your Demo

Many believe that all you need to get a voice over career rolling is to produce a quick VO demo. It’s an easy fantasy to buy into. 

Some want to do it themselves to save money, or ask a friend with recording equipment or even hire a well-advertised “pro” who will say “yes” to anyone with money to produce a “professional” demo. Then the beginner sends out their freshly minted demo to a few top agents, one will sign them and they are off to the races with auditions and work! 

Quick and easy, right?

I hope this page will steer you away from this fantasy. Crafting a demo is a project that will take time and consideration and money and will only serve you if you are indeed ready to stand out as an actor.



What follows is my take on making an animation voice demo, but many of the basic concepts could apply to promo and commercial demos as well:

First off, you must be ready as a voice actor for it to be worth making a demo. Your skill and talent and confidence should be at a level that you have something worth showing off. You must be competitive and ready to stand out! If you aren’t there yet, hold off on making a demo. It’ll just be a big waste of time and money. 

Your demo is often your first and only shot at getting the attention of an agent or  buyer, so it must be a well-produced showcase of the best of what you do. A poor demo (either performance or production) can make a lasting bad impression and set you back financially and professionally. 

If you are a talented voice actor with a crummy demo that you send to a prospective agent, you will probably never get an audience with that agent (unless you can finagle a stellar recommendation from a trusted client at the agency). Same if you are an average actor with a mediocre demo.

In a business where time is precious, you rarely get the chance to make a bad impression twice.

A good demo is an essential part of what you need to get an agent, auditions and work.

The best demos are brief, avoid redundancy, and above all, show you can act and tell a story– not just “make voices.” It should sound professionally produced, not home made or amateur. 


1. Start with researching your competition:

A good way to gauge your readiness for making a demo is to listen to other demos in the market you are targeting. This will tell you if you are ballpark for this, or if you need to keep working at your voice acting more before taking the financial leap.

To prep for making a demo, listen to the demos of currently working voice actors posted on their own or their agents’ websites. Google them, and learn from their demos (some as lessons in what not to do!). Your demo- acting and production- must sound competitive by comparison. You won’t be just copying what they do– yours should be uniquely yours– but they will give you a ballpark of what to shoot for.

BTW, you may find that some voice actors who work a lot have a less than impressive demo! It may be old and outdated, yet they seem to work like crazy! 

Sometimes an actor’s career can actually outpace the need to update his/her promotional materials (a nice position to be in!). Everyone seems to know and trust the actor’s abilities and self-promotion becomes less necessary.


2. You don’t need to use already produced broadcast spots.

Some worry that they need to compile and edit together already aired spots or shows they’ve worked as elements of their demo. Not true.

I’d prefer your demo feature freshly produced spots that a potential buyer could easily imagine dropped into their current or future project. 

They aren’t casting for a character already on a show that is airing. If you have previous work produced, the production can vary and it may not showcase your best or your potential. Why be constrained by any of that?

Your demo is to showcase what you can do now, not what you did. Your aim is to impress with your acting, your range- not your resume’. Nobody hires a resume’.


3. When seeking script ideas, steal what you love:

When creating a script, go for what’s current and popular as well as iconic. Seek script sources that suit your abilities in shows you would like to work on. You can also draw from iconic feature animated/fantasy films (e.g. Lord of the Rings, The Incredibles, The Terminator, Harry Potter) as well as popular video games (Halo, Gears of War, World of Warcraft etc.), even graphic novels. Repurpose these materials for your own purposes (example to follow).

Transcribe a scene that you like, rewrite it, change the names, hone it down to make it compact, simple and unique.  Make it a mini story with a turn, a transformation-that shows your acting.

Make it your own little polished diamond to add to your string of jewels.


3a. Don’t worry about copy write or legality with your demo’s script. Worry about how well it showcases your acting.

A voice over demo is not being sold so no one cares if you use a scene from a movie or t.v. show. I’ve never heard of anyone getting in trouble for recreating or lifting a scene for use in a demo. There’s no money involved so there’s no reason for any worry. You’ll probably change the names and writing on it anyway.

The only trouble “lifting” or “copying” a scene can present is if your recreation of a recognizable scene isn’t anywhere near as good as the original that everyone remembers. 

Also, if it’s from a show that everyone would recognize, if you’re using it “as is,” it may well be obvious to the listener you didn’t work the spot. It’s recognizability could get in the way of the listener listening to YOU, which should be the point of it all. This is why I like changing names and polishing it down to a compact little showcase of a scene.

The important part is to polish down a scene that showcases your (hopefully good) acting. What shows acting? Your character is speaking to someone, wants something, has subtext at play, etc. You are not describing something or making a list in a funny voice. There needs to be something happening, relating, reacting, listening!

You are free to make it your own. You can change names, scenery, dramatic intensity or comedic beats and you’ll almost certainly need to shorten the source material. 

For example, you want to do either a heavy villain or a young hero and choose a “Star Wars” scene. I’d recommend modifying a scene you love by editing it and maybe changing it up so it’s not exactly “Luke vs. Vader,” but a scene that maintains the dynamic you like of the original piece, while it your own. The villain vs. hero dynamic is conserved, but it’s not exactly a direct lift. Maybe the setting is changed to medieval or a super hero type setting.

It contains the essence of the original piece you based your scene on, but it’s yours. The listener can see that you could play a hero (or villain) in any kind of super hero type show- rather than being distracted by trying to figure out why this voice actor is trying to replicate “Star Wars.”


4. Avoid self-referential, descriptive monologues

It’s a common amateur demo mistake to create “scenes” that are just the character voicing its inner monologue, talking on about what it’s doing or merely describing itself. (e.g. “Well, here I am, the loneliest dragon just sitting alone in my cave with no one to chase or talk to. Just flapping my lovely wings that will probably never see the sun again…”)

This kind of choice is inactive, boring and should be avoided because merely describing yourself doesn’t show your acting ability. There’s nothing happening. There is no relationship, no dynamic, no listening.

A script best implies interaction and action- needing something, subtext, objective, y’know, acting!


5. Each demo segment should be a brief mini-scene that demonstrates your acting ability.

Your demo’s scene segments may be short but they cannot be static or one-note! I would like each segment to have an action taking place, externally and internally.

Another way to look at it is a “dramatic shift.” This can be seen as the simple transition from one adjective to a contrary adjective within the scene.

For example: An evil character goes from seductive to menacing when addressing a princess. A hero begins exhausted and transitions to solid resolve. A dad switches from oblivious to hyped-up wacky to deadpan. A boy addressing a servant goes from innocent to dictatorial anger. An old witch goes from wistful to fearful to furious. Each in five to ten seconds!

These acting switch ups are essential to show you can create characters that connect and tell a story, that they are part of a story- not a disconnected voice. You’re not just “doing a funny voice.”

If you are clear on the scene’s stakes, what your character wants, the events, the implied character you are playing against, the environment and the story you are telling, it will come to life!  

Remember- a demo is not a catalog of voices you can do- it is instead a showcase for your very best acting ability and range.


6. Only use impressions in a demo if they are dead-on fantastic and demonstrate good acting.

Flat or bad impressions are a great way to get the listener to hit PAUSE. An impression shouldn’t merely be a catch phrase of the character imitated, but should show some acting as well. If this is one of your super powers and you are brought in to a session to do an impression, you will need to fully generate the character in ways probably not heard before, not just merely repeat a catch phrase.

Nobody gets hired to deliver only a spot-on “What’s up, doc?” then walk off the sound stage. Can you convincingly read the ingredients on a cereal box in that character? Can you narrate your day as this character? Read a book outloud? No? Then you aren’t ready to put this character on a demo. Generally, I’d recommend a separate demo for impressions. 


7. Animation demos: Don’t use impressions of currently airing cartoon characters.

Why offer what they already have and don’t need? There is little need to replace any living voice actor who mostly works for scale (minimum) anyway. Classic cartoon voices (Bugs Bunny, Mickey Mouse, Betty Boop, Popeye, etc.) might possibly need to be accurately voiced again in some revival feature or even commerical, but I would devote a separate demo to these on your demo’s website, again, only if it is dead-on and shows you can wield that character like a sword. You’re not just doing voices.

Impressions are rarely helpful and too specific to use in a general animation demo, in my opinion.


8. Delete redundant segments:

An animation/game voice over demo should showcase your range and thus offer a variety of casting possibilities for you.

For example, you don’t want to only be cast as super villains if you could just as ably play the hero or sidekick or a neighbor kid. Your talents are such that you are able to work a variety of roles on different projects for different studios into your demo script.

Show them all of your best (and only your best)!

Cartoon Network action/comedy, Pixar feature, Disney pre-school, Amazon high energy “boy” shows, Nickelodeon wacky/fantasy epic, Fox animated sit-com, Adult Swim college crowd surreal-wacky, etc. Aim for as many of these as you are right for, a mini scene appropriate for each- appropriate to the market you are targeting.

Also, your characters should vary in status, age, energy, and occupation. Versatility is part of the value a good voice actor brings to a project and all of yours should be on display front and center. All you can competitively and convincingly nail, that is.


9. Each segment should contrast significantly with the one before and after.

There must be an abrupt tone shift from segment to segment to to hold the listener’s interest.


10. Every voice of your gender on your demo should be your own!

You don’t want to be brought in for what you cannot provide. If you’re adding a two person segment make sure the other performer is of the opposite sex. If you are male, don’t use other male actors on your demo. Same for female. 


11. Only feature what you can sustain:

Only include what you can easily replicate and sustain in a real session (a few hours) without hurting yourself. For example, if you have a wildly screaming characters in one segment, you’d better be able to get through a session with that amount of voice.

It makes no sense to oversell or overstretch. Just show what you sustainably can do well.


12. Keep it short but sweet:

There is little worse in Hollywood than wasting someone else’s time. If you want to piss off a pro or powerful person, waste their time. So:

I know you want to create that three minute+ demo- but don’t. It’ll come off as self-indulgent and will dilute your showcase’s impact.

Let’s shoot for a demo that is 60 seconds or less. Your demo needs to be concise and feature “smash cuts” (not fades) from one disparate style/tone/genre to the next. If this means a 30 second long demo, fine. A minute is plenty for most anyone!

Cut out the fat from your demo. Be cruel to your precious children!

Few can deliver a compelling demo 90 seconds or longer. The person listening to your demo has little time, so don’t waste it with any repetition or filler or excess.

It’s only a worthy demo as long as the listener is riveted and hasn’t gotten bored or hit “stop,” so keep it brief, varied and only the good stuff.


12a. Should I use existing/already produced material or characters in projects already airing on my demo to impress agents or casting people?

I don’t think anyone is signed or hired because their voice is recognized from having been on another show or aired spot.

A demo gets attention because it shows good competitive acting. You are hired because your audition is right for THIS show being cast. It is rare for anyone to have much use for a character already associated with another project.

Of course, if you are “famous” that’s another matter, in which case a demo is probably irrelevant anyway and they’re more likely to consider the size of your Twitter following rather than your acting ability or range.

I’m not a fan of showcasing established or known characters in a demo (I’m not a fan of using actual produced footage from shows you’ve worked either). Work already “in the can” is done and no one will hire you for that.

As I say on my site, it’s more to my liking to showcase good acting and range with as disparate a sequence of quick scenes as your talent will allow, trimming out all the excess and allowing for as much tonal shift as possible. Lean and mean!

I also want characters that feels relevant to what shows/games are now being made, highlighting archetypes that are commonly cast along with your strengths of out-of-the-box acting ideas as well.

If your demo’s voice acting is strong it will get the right people’s attention, regardless of origin or resume’. You want your talent to be applicable to future shows, not be confined to old ones. That’s my take anyway.

13. Get a pro engineer’s help:

You are a very lucky actor indeed if you can produce and direct your own professionally sounding knock-out demo. Hardly anyone is that kind of auteur savant.

I’d advise most anyone to not even attempt self-producing. You need someone to say “no” to you who knows what they’re doing. Most should seek help from a good engineer/producer who can guide and help edit and provide polished production value.

Research those who can help you on the “Dig Deeper” page of this site. Listen to their work and your ears will tell you what you need to know. I personally would want to work with someone who is picky about who they produce, someone who won’t just take anyone’s money and you end up with professionally produced junk.

A decent demo producer would care about the end result as their reputation is partially at stake with it. You want someone who looks at it this way. They will produce a demo with someone who is good and ready- or not at all. At least, that’s what I would look for. Hopefully, you also understand that a demo shouldn’t be produced until you are ready, anyway.

Remember: No matter how good the engineer/producer, you set the bar for how good your demo can be. If you’re not ready, don’t pay hundreds of dollars (or more!) to an engineer/producer for a worthless, non-competitive demo!

You need a good engineer, but no amount of production brilliance can correct for an actor who isn’t ready.


14. Publish your demo on your own website:

It’s good to have a hard copy (disc) of your final cut, but I’d prefer your demo be posted on a good “” website for an agent or buyer to access instantly from anywhere.  

Make sure it’s promoted so that it’s right up there when someone types your name in a search engine.

Click here to continue to my Example of Making an Animation Demo

92 Responses »

  1. …Do I need to be in NY, LA or Chicago to brush up on my skills and have a pro demo made? I see online classes, but I prefer in person.

    • Bob Bergan and Mary Lynn Wissner teach on the road and at sea, I think (other examples exist as well). Richard Horvitz, perhaps. VO Atlanta has good classes with pros yearly I believe. I don’t know anyone I work with who got their skills/confidence from online classes, but that might be because I’m an old man. Ha. If you don’t want to travel, why not get together an interested group of VOers to pool your dough, contact the VO pro of choice directly and make them an offer?

  2. what I’m mostly getting is that to be able to have any chance to achieve my dream job would be to leave my current location and situate myself into L.A. and get into workshops to HOPE for connections and recognition. The bad news for me is that I can’t leave to L.A. since I live paycheck by paycheck.

    • I hope my site does not suggest that the only place to learn acting or performing is Los Angeles. I view LA as a final stage, not a start.

      I spent nearly two decades learning to perform, studying other things of interest, becoming and finding myself before feeling ready to move to LA. I started paycheck to paycheck in a town with little opportunity. Most probably start this way. It’s those who find a way out to pursue their curiosity and refine their talent that have a shot at a career.

      But having a career shouldn’t be the focus of someone curious to start- it’s about fun and enthusiasm and learning. That’s how acting starts for most. The long path towards seeing how far you can take it with your talents can take you to all kinds of places- perhaps LA, but you never know.

      Don’t fixate on some “instant career” (money is a horrible focus for anyone into acting) or being “discovered.” Stupid talent competition TV shows perpetuate the myth that success is an instantaneous gift awarded to someone who just “has it.”

      Talent must be revealed and refined and this process takes years for most. Those who are right for it find their way against the odds because they must, because they have discovered and proven they are right for it to others as well as themselves.

      Re read my FAQ #4. Good luck!

  3. Do you have any mic recommendations for a beginner that wants a good quality mic at a reasonable price.

  4. …Would you consider [$2000] too much to invest [for a demo]? I know there are some who will offer services for under $1000…

    • The high bar is set by the least talented of either the actor and producer/engineer collaboration. A great talent will sounds bad with a mediocre engineer and a great engineer will produce a mediocre demo from a mediocre talent. A great actor cannot make a demo with a mediocre engineer/producer. Likewise, a great engineer/producer cannot make a great demo with a mediocre voice actor.

      The biggest question is, how ready are you? $2k is a lot, but not an excessive for a great engineer who also assists with production and scripting and overall effectiveness of the result.

      I’m mostly concerned that you are ready as a voice actor for this investment. I would love for you to have confirmation from a reliable source that you are good to take that leap (perhaps an experienced VO instructor?).

  5. [When making a demo] If you want to have a dialogue between two characters, would it be better to voice both characters? Or would suggest just focusing on a single character at a time?

    • Any voice on your demo of your gender needs to be you. Many will choose a scene partner of the opposite sex so it’s clear who’s voicing what. You just need to make sure that if you are hired for any voice on your demo, you can deliver it.

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